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民国十年袁大头

民国十年袁大头

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藏品简介
民国十年袁大头背面1912年4月袁世凯出任大总统。北洋政府鉴于当时铸币、纸币十分复杂,流通的中外货币在百种以上,规格不一,流通混乱,折算繁琐,民众积怨,同时也想借助货币改制以解决军费问题,便决定铸发国币。袁世凯为了提高自己的统治地位,趁机把他的头像铸于币面,“袁大头”由此而来。1914年2月7日,袁世凯以大总统令形式公布了《国币条例》及《国币条例施行细则》,规定国币种类有银币4种(壹圆、中圆、贰角、壹角)、镍币一种(五分)、铜币五种(二分、一分、五厘、二厘、一厘)。国币以壹圆银币为主币,总重量为库平七钱二分(26.86克),含纯银六钱四分八厘(23.9024808克),以银九、铜一(后改为银89,铜11)铸造。正面镌袁世凯侧面头像及发行年号,背面铸嘉禾纹饰与币值。《国币条例》公布同年先在天津造币厂铸造“袁大头”壹圆银币,后在南京、广东、武昌等造币厂陆续铸造。因袁大头壹圆银币币型划一,成色、重量有严格规定,很快受到了社会认同和接受,在国内金融市场上逐步取代了清朝的龙洋,成为流通领域的主币。
Yuan shikai became President in April 1912, 1912. Beiyang government in view of the COINS and paper money is complex, the flow of foreign currencies in more than one hundred, have different specifications, circulation disorder, convert trival, public grievances, also want to use monetary reform to solve the problem of military, decided to cast coin. Yuan shikai, in order to improve his ruling position, took the opportunity to cast his head in the currency, "yuan big head" thus. On February 7, 1914 yuan shikai in the form of big presidential decree announced the regulations on the national currency and the national currency regulation enforcement rules, regulations, there are four silver coin type (one circle, the circle, two Angle, this Angle), a (5) of the nickel, copper five (binary, one point, five subsidiaries, 2 mm, usually one). The state coin is the main coin of one round silver coin, the total weight is kuping seven cents (26.86 grams), including the pure silver six cents (23.9024808 g), silver nine, copper one (later changed to silver 89, copper 11) casting. The front side of yuan shikai's profile picture and the issue date, the back of the casting of jiahe decoration and currency. In the same year, the national currency ordinance released a silver coin from the tianjin mint, which was cast in nanjing, guangdong, wuchang and other mint COINS. Because of big yuan one round silver coin type uniform, colour, weight have strict rules, has received the social recognition and acceptance soon, in the domestic financial market gradually take the place of the qing Long Yang to become the standard currency in circulation.